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Oracle日常性能问题查看

时间:2019-04-01  来源:未知  作者:admin666
--当Ratio大于2时存在回滚段竞争,需要增加更多的回滚段)
select rn.name, rs.GETS, rs.WAITS, (rs.WAITS / rs.GETS) * 100 ratio
from v$rollstat rs, v$rollname rn
where rs.USN = rn.usn;

2 判断恢复日志竞争的sql

--immediate_contention或wait_contention的值大于1时存在竞争)
select name,
(t.IMMEDIATE_MISSES /
decode((t.IMMEDIATE_GETS t.IMMEDIATE_MISSES),0,-1,(t.IMMEDIATE_GETS t.IMMEDIATE_MISSES))) * 100 immediate_contention,
(t.MISSES / decode((t.GETS t.MISSES), 0, -1, (t.GETS t.MISSES))) * 100 wait_contention
from v$latch t
where name in ('redo copy', 'redo allocation');

3 判断表空间碎片

--(如果最大空闲空间占总空间很大比例则可能不存在碎片,如果比例较小,且有许多空闲空间,则可能碎片很多)
select t.tablespace_name,sum(t.bytes),max(t.bytes),count(*),
max(t.bytes) / sum(t.bytes) radio
from dba_free_space t
group by t.tablespace_name
order by t.tablespace_name;

4 确定命中排序域的次数

select t.NAME, t.VALUE from v$sysstat t where t.NAME like 'sort%';

5 确定当前sga的值

select * from v$sga;
select name,value/1024/1024 from v$sga;

6 查看高速缓冲区命中率

--(如果命中率低于70%,则应该加大init.ora参数中的DB_BLOCK_BUFFER的值)
select 1 - sum(decode(name, 'physical reads', value, 0)) /
(sum(decode(name, 'db block gets', value, 0)) *sum(decode(name, 'consistent gets', value, 0))) hit_ratio
from v$sysstat t
where name in ('physical reads', 'db block gets', 'consistent gets');--0.999999966992287

7 查看共享池命中率

--(如果ratio1大于1时,需要加大共享池,如果ratio2大于10%时,需要加大共享池SHARED_POOL_SIZE)
select sum(pins) pins,
sum(reloads) reloads,
(sum(reloads) / sum(pins)) * 100 ratio1
from v$librarycache;
select sum(gets) gets,
sum(getmisses) getmisses,
(sum(getmisses) / sum(gets)) * 100 ratio2
from v$rowcache;

8 查看参数文件

select * from v$parameter;

9 查看数据库属性

select * from database_properties;
select * from v$version;

10 查看当前会话的sid,serial#

SELECT Sid, Serial# FROM V$session
WHERE Audsid = Sys_Context('USERENV', 'SESSIONID');

11 根据sid查询os的进程id

SELECT p.Spid "OS Thread", b.NAME "Name-User", s.Program, s.Sid, s.Serial#,s.OSUSEr, s.Machine
FROM V$process p, V$session s, V$bgprocess b
WHERE p.Addr = s.Paddr
AND p.Addr = b.Paddr And (s.sid=210 or p.spid=3)
UNION ALL
SELECT p.Spid "OS Thread", s.Username "Name-User", s.Program, s.Sid,s.Serial#, s.Osuser, s.Machine
FROM V$process p, V$session s
WHERE p.Addr = s.Paddr
And (s.sid=210 or p.spid=3)
AND s.Username IS NOT NULL;

12 根据sid查看正在运行的sql

SELECT /* PUSH_SUBQ */ Command_Type, Sql_Text, Sharable_Mem, Persistent_Mem, Runtime_Mem, Sorts,
Version_Count, Loaded_Versions, Open_Versions, Users_Opening, Executions,
Users_Executing, Loads, First_Load_Time, Invalidations, Parse_Calls,
Disk_Reads, Buffer_Gets, Rows_Processed, SYSDATE Start_Time,
SYSDATE Finish_Time, ' ' || Address Sql_Address, 'N' Status
FROM V$sqlarea WHERE Address = (SELECT Sql_Address
FROM V$session WHERE Sid = 210 );

13 查看object为哪些进程所用

SELECT p.Spid, s.Sid, s.Serial# Serial_Num, s.Username User_Name,
a.TYPE Object_Type, s.Osuser Os_User_Name, a.Owner,a.OBJECT Object_Name,
Decode(Sign(48 - Command), 1, To_Char(Command), 'Action Code #' || To_Char(Command)) Action,
p.Program Oracle_Process, s.Terminal Terminal, s.Program Program,
s.Status Session_Status
FROM V$session s, V$access a, V$process p
WHERE s.Paddr = p.Addr
AND s.TYPE = 'USER'
AND a.Sid = s.Sid
AND a.OBJECT = ' obj'
ORDER BY s.Username, s.Osuser;

14 查看有那些用户连接

SELECT s.Osuser Os_User_Name,Decode(Sign(48 - Command),1,To_Char(Command),
'Action Code #' || To_Char(Command)) Action,
p.Program Oracle_Process, Status Session_Status, s.Terminal Terminal,
s.Program Program, s.Username User_Name,
s.Fixed_Table_Sequence Activity_Meter, '' Query, 0 Memory,
0 Max_Memory, 0 Cpu_Usage, s.Sid, s.Serial# Serial_Num
FROM V$session s, V$process p
WHERE s.Paddr = p.Addr
AND s.TYPE = 'USER'
ORDER BY s.Username, s.Osuser;

15 根据sid查看对应连接资源占用情况

SELECT n.NAME, v.VALUE, n.CLASS, n.Statistic# FROM V$statname n, V$sesstat v
WHERE v.Sid = 210
AND v.Statistic# = n.Statistic#
ORDER BY n.CLASS, n.Statistic#;

16 查看消耗资源的进程

SELECT s.Schemaname Schema_Name,Decode(Sign(48 - Command),
1, To_Char(Command), 'Action Code #' || To_Char(Command)) Action,Status Session_Status, s.Osuser Os_User_Name, s.Sid, p.Spid,s.Serial# Serial_Num, Nvl(s.Username, '[Oracle process]') User_Name,
s.Terminal Terminal, s.Program Program, St.VALUE Criteria_Value
FROM V$sesstat St, V$session s, V$process p
WHERE St.Sid = s.Sid
AND St.Statistic# = 38
AND ('ALL' = 'ALL' OR s.Status = 'ALL')
AND p.Addr = s.Paddr
ORDER BY St.VALUE DESC, p.Spid ASC, s.Username ASC, s.Osuser ASC;

17 查看锁情况

SELECT /* RULE */ Ls.Osuser Os_User_Name, Ls.Username User_Name,Decode(Ls.TYPE,
'RW', 'Row wait enqueue lock', 'TM', 'DML enqueue lock','TX', 'Transaction enqueue lock', 'UL', 'User supplied lock') Lock_Type,o.Object_Name OBJECT,Decode(Ls.Lmode,1, NULL, 2, 'Row Share', 3, 'Row Exclusive',
4, 'Share', 5, 'Share Row Exclusive', 6, 'Exclusive',NULL) Lock_Mode,o.Owner, Ls.Sid, Ls.Serial# Serial_Num, Ls.Id1, Ls.Id2 FROM Sys.Dba_Objects o, 
(SELECT s.Osuser, s.Username, l.TYPE, l.Lmode, s.Sid, s.Serial#, l.Id1,l.Id2 FROM V$session s, V$lock l
WHERE s.Sid = l.Sid) Ls
WHERE o.Object_Id = Ls.Id1
AND o.Owner 'SYS'
ORDER BY o.Owner, o.Object_Name;

18 查看wait情况

SELECT Ws.CLASS, Ws.COUNT COUNT, SUM(Ss.VALUE) Sum_Value
FROM V$waitstat Ws, V$sysstat Ss
WHERE Ss.NAME IN ('db block gets', 'consistent gets')
GROUP BY Ws.CLASS, Ws.COUNT;

19 查看process/session状态

SELECT p.Pid, p.Spid, s.Program, s.Sid, s.Serial#
FROM V$process p, V$session s
WHERE s.Paddr = p.Addr;

20 谁阻塞了某个sesion(10g)

SELECT Sid, Username, Event, Blocking_Session, Seconds_In_Wait, Wait_Time
FROM V$session
WHERE State IN ('WAITING')
AND Wait_Class != 'Idle';

21 查看会话的阻塞

SELECT /* rule */ Lpad(' ', Decode(l.Xidusn, 0, 3, 0)) || l.Oracle_Username User_Name,
o.Owner, o.Object_Name, s.Sid, s.Serial#
FROM V$locked_Object l, Dba_Objects o, V$session s
WHERE l.Object_Id = o.Object_Id
AND l.Session_Id = s.Sid
ORDER BY o.Object_Id, Xidusn DESC;
SELECT /* rule */ s.Username,Decode(l.TYPE, 'tm', 'table lock', 'tx', 'row lock', NULL) Lock_Level,
o.Owner, o.Object_Name, s.Sid, s.Serial#
FROM V$session s, V$lock l, Dba_Objects o
WHERE l.Sid = s.Sid
AND l.Id1 = o.Object_Id
AND s.Username IS NOT NULL;

22 查等待的事件及会话信息,求会话的等待及会话信息

SELECT Se.Sid, s.Username, Se.Event, Se.Total_Waits, Se.Time_Waited,Se.Average_Wait
FROM V$session s, V$session_Event Se
WHERE s.Username IS NOT NULL
AND Se.Sid = s.Sid
AND s.Status = 'ACTIVE'
AND Se.Event NOT LIKE '%SQL*Net%'
ORDER BY s.Username;
SELECT s.Sid, s.Username, Sw.Event, Sw.Wait_Time, Sw.State,Sw.Seconds_In_Wait
FROM V$session s, V$session_Wait Sw
WHERE s.Username IS NOT NULL
AND Sw.Sid = s.Sid
AND Sw.Event NOT LIKE '%SQL*Net%'
ORDER BY s.Username;

23 查看会话等待的file_id/block_id

SELECT Sid, Event, P1text, P1, P2text, P2, P3text, P3
FROM V$session_Wait
WHERE Event NOT LIKE '%SQL%'
AND Event NOT LIKE '%rdbms%'
AND Event NOT LIKE '%mon%'
ORDER BY Event;

        
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