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ORA-00376/ORA-01110 故障处理办法

时间:2016-10-16  来源:未知  作者:linuxsir首页

Oracle数据库实例启动之后发现,9号数据文件发生故障,file 9 cannot be read at this time

ORACLE Instance ilndb2 (pid = 16) - Error 376 encountered while recovering transaction (8, 21) on object 66190.
Mon Aug 29 12:15:06 EAT 2016
Errors in file /home/oracle/product/admin/ilndb/bdump/ilndb2_smon_14168.trc:
ORA-00376: file 9 cannot be read at this time
ORA-01110: data file 9: '+ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_indx1.dbf'
ORACLE Instance ilndb2 (pid = 16) - Error 376 encountered while recovering transaction (338, 42) on object 66177.
Mon Aug 29 12:15:08 EAT 2016
Errors in file /home/oracle/product/admin/ilndb/bdump/ilndb2_smon_14168.trc:
ORA-00376: file 9 cannot be read at this time
ORA-01110: data file 9: '+ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_indx1.dbf'
ORACLE Instance ilndb2 (pid = 16) - Error 376 encountered while recovering transaction (339, 45) on object 66190.
Mon Aug 29 12:15:10 EAT 2016
Errors in file /home/oracle/product/admin/ilndb/bdump/ilndb2_smon_14168.trc:
ORA-00376: file 9 cannot be read at this time
ORA-01110: data file 9: '+ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_indx1.dbf'
ORACLE Instance ilndb2 (pid = 16) - Error 376 encountered while recovering transaction (340, 23) on object 66190.
Mon Aug 29 12:15:11 EAT 2016
Errors in file /home/oracle/product/admin/ilndb/bdump/ilndb2_smon_14168.trc:
ORA-00376: file 9 cannot be read at this time
ORA-01110: data file 9: '+ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_indx1.dbf'
ORACLE Instance ilndb2 (pid = 16) - Error 376 encountered while recovering transaction (341, 20) on object 66177.
Mon Aug 29 12:15:13 EAT 2016
Errors in file /home/oracle/product/admin/ilndb/bdump/ilndb2_smon_14168.trc:
ORA-00376: file 9 cannot be read at this time
ORA-01110: data file 9: '+ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_indx1.dbf'

根据数据库日志的提示,发现9号数据发生故障,尝试介质恢复。

oracle@elndb1[ilndb2]:/home/oracle$ rman target /

Recovery Manager: Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production on Mon Aug 29 12:13:41 2016

Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database: ILNDB (DBID=140433242)

RMAN> recover datafile 9;

Starting recover at 29-AUG-16
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=6481 instance=ilndb2 devtype=DISK
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_2
channel ORA_DISK_2: sid=6001 instance=ilndb2 devtype=DISK
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_3
channel ORA_DISK_3: sid=6000 instance=ilndb2 devtype=DISK
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_4
channel ORA_DISK_4: sid=5999 instance=ilndb2 devtype=DISK

starting media recovery

archive log thread 3 sequence 205311 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205311.4265.921154275
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-00569: =============== ERROR MESSAGE STACK FOLLOWS ===============
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-03002: failure of recover command at 08/29/2016 12:14:34
RMAN-06053: unable to perform media recovery because of missing log
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 3 seq 205310 lowscn 19240848472
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 2 seq 147416 lowscn 19240848247
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 1 seq 151889 lowscn 19240848211
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 1 seq 151888 lowscn 19240845047
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 3 seq 205309 lowscn 19240844632
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 3 seq 205308 lowscn 19240742241
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 2 seq 147415 lowscn 19240632693
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 1 seq 151887 lowscn 19240631896
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 3 seq 205307 lowscn 19240631896
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 1 seq 151886 lowscn 19240560360
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 3 seq 205306 lowscn 19240500521
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 2 seq 147414 lowscn 19240439862
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 1 seq 151885 lowscn 19240308923
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 3 seq 205305 lowscn 19240301377
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 1 seq 151884 lowscn 19240124380
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 2 seq 147413 lowscn 19240106434
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 1 seq 151883 lowscn 19239991180
RMAN-06102: no channel to restore a backup or copy of log thread 3 seq 205304 lowscn 19239911439

发现缺少需要的日志,应该已经完成备份,在磁盘组中删除了。
联系备份小组,对需要的日志进行恢复,恢复到原有目录。

run {
allocate channel ch00 type 'sbt_tape';
allocate channel ch01 type 'sbt_tape';
SEND 'NSR_ENV=(NSR_SERVER=bksvr2p_svc,NSR_CLIENT=elndb1-vip)';
restore archivelog sequence between 151882 and 151890 thread 1;
restore archivelog sequence between 147312 and 147417 thread 2;
restore archivelog sequence between 205303 and 205311 thread 3;
release channel ch00;
release channel ch01;
}

日志恢复完毕之后,重新执行介质恢复

oracle@elndb1[ilndb2]:/home/oracle/product/admin/ilndb/bdump$ rman target /

Recovery Manager: Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production on Mon Aug 29 12:53:11 2016

Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database: ILNDB (DBID=140433242)

RMAN>  recover datafile 9;

Starting recover at 29-AUG-16
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=5707 instance=ilndb2 devtype=DISK
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_2
channel ORA_DISK_2: sid=5706 instance=ilndb2 devtype=DISK
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_3
channel ORA_DISK_3: sid=5705 instance=ilndb2 devtype=DISK
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_4
channel ORA_DISK_4: sid=5704 instance=ilndb2 devtype=DISK

starting media recovery

archive log thread 1 sequence 151883 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_1_seq_151883.4080.921155791
archive log thread 1 sequence 151884 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_1_seq_151884.2542.921155791
archive log thread 1 sequence 151885 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_1_seq_151885.2136.921155791
archive log thread 1 sequence 151886 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_1_seq_151886.2115.921155815
archive log thread 1 sequence 151887 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_1_seq_151887.2496.921155815
archive log thread 1 sequence 151888 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_1_seq_151888.2593.921155817
archive log thread 1 sequence 151889 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_1_seq_151889.1397.921155817
archive log thread 1 sequence 151890 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_1_seq_151890.2469.921155571
archive log thread 2 sequence 147413 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_2_seq_147413.2362.921156057
archive log thread 2 sequence 147414 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_2_seq_147414.1828.921156073
archive log thread 2 sequence 147415 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_2_seq_147415.3869.921156067
archive log thread 2 sequence 147416 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_2_seq_147416.2487.921156077
archive log thread 2 sequence 147417 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_2_seq_147417.3331.921155015
archive log thread 2 sequence 147418 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_2_seq_147418.4018.921155341
archive log thread 2 sequence 147419 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_2_seq_147419.3104.921155879
archive log thread 3 sequence 205304 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205304.1826.921156603
archive log thread 3 sequence 205305 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205305.1558.921156603
archive log thread 3 sequence 205306 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205306.1981.921156605
archive log thread 3 sequence 205307 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205307.668.921156605
archive log thread 3 sequence 205308 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205308.632.921156605
archive log thread 3 sequence 205309 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205309.714.921156623
archive log thread 3 sequence 205310 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205310.1391.921156625
archive log thread 3 sequence 205311 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205311.4265.921154275
archive log thread 3 sequence 205312 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205312.3633.921155013
archive log thread 3 sequence 205313 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205313.2490.921155571
archive log thread 3 sequence 205314 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205314.868.921156127
archive log thread 3 sequence 205315 is already on disk as file +ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205315.545.921156559
archive log filename=+ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_2_seq_147413.2362.921156057 thread=2 sequence=147413
archive log filename=+ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_1_seq_151883.4080.921155791 thread=1 sequence=151883
archive log filename=+ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205304.1826.921156603 thread=3 sequence=205304
archive log filename=+ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_1_seq_151884.2542.921155791 thread=1 sequence=151884
archive log filename=+ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205305.1558.921156603 thread=3 sequence=205305
archive log filename=+ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_1_seq_151885.2136.921155791 thread=1 sequence=151885
archive log filename=+ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_2_seq_147414.1828.921156073 thread=2 sequence=147414
archive log filename=+ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205306.1981.921156605 thread=3 sequence=205306
archive log filename=+ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_1_seq_151886.2115.921155815 thread=1 sequence=151886
archive log filename=+ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_1_seq_151887.2496.921155815 thread=1 sequence=151887
archive log filename=+ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_3_seq_205307.668.921156605 thread=3 sequence=205307
archive log filename=+ILN_DATA/ilndb/archivelog/2016_08_29/thread_2_seq_147415.3869.921156067 thread=2 sequence=147415
media recovery complete, elapsed time: 00:00:10
Finished recover at 29-AUG-16

9号数据文件介质恢复成功,查看文件状态为OFFLINE,将数据文件online

SQL> select STATUS from v$datafile where  TS# =9;

STATUS
---------------------
OFFLINE

SQL> 
SQL> 
SQL> 
SQL> alter database datafile 9 online;

Database altered.

检查数据库所有数据文件的scn是否一致

  FILE_NUM FILE_NAME                                          SCN                  STATUS   SEQUENCE
---------- -------------------------------------------------- ---------------- ---------- ----------
         1 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/system.256.7572           19241144540            8196     151891
         2 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/undotbs1.258.75           19241144540               4     151891
         3 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/sysaux.257.7572           19241144540               4     151891
         4 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/users.259.75726           19241144540               4     151891
         5 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/example.265.757           19241144540               4     151891
         6 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/undotbs2.266.75           19241144540               4     151891
         7 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/undotbs3.267.75           19241144540               4     151891
         8 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data1.db           19241144540               4     151891
         9 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_indx1.db           19240106434               4     147413
        10 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data2.db           19241144540               4     151891
        11 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data3.db           19241144540               4     151891
        12 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data3.db           19241144540               4     151891
        13 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data4.db           19241144540               4     151891
        14 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data5.db           19241144540               4     151891
        15 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data6.db           19241144540               4     151891
        16 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data7.db           19241144540               4     151891
        17 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data8.db           19241144540               4     151891
        18 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data9.db           19241144540               4     151891
        19 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data10.d           19241144540               4     151891
        20 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data11.d           19241144540               4     151891
        21 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data12.d           19241144540               4     151891
        22 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data13.d           19241144540               4     151891
        23 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data14.d           19241144540               4     151891
        24 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data15.d           19241144540               4     151891
        25 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data16.d           19241144540               4     151891
        26 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data17.d           19241144540               4     151891
        27 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data18.d           19241144540               4     151891
        28 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data19.d           19241144540               4     151891
        29 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data20.d           19241144540               4     151891
        30 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/undotbs4.dbf              19241144540               4     151891
        31 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/undotbs5.dbf              19241144540               4     151891
        32 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/undotbs6.dbf              19241144540               4     151891
        33 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data21.d           19241144540               4     151891
        34 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data22.d           19241144540               4     151891
        35 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data23.d           19241144540               4     151891
        36 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data24.d           19241144540               4     151891

发现刚刚恢复的9号数据文件SCN与其他数据文件SCN不一致,手动触发检查点更新

alter system checkpoint GLOBAL;

再次检查数据文件的SCN一致性,发现已全部更新。

 FILE_NUM FILE_NAME                                          SCN                  STATUS   SEQUENCE
---------- -------------------------------------------------- ---------------- ---------- ----------
         1 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/system.256.7572           19241541927            8196     147421
         2 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/undotbs1.258.75           19241541927               4     147421
         3 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/sysaux.257.7572           19241541927               4     147421
         4 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/users.259.75726           19241541927               4     147421
         5 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/example.265.757           19241541927               4     147421
         6 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/undotbs2.266.75           19241541927               4     147421
         7 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/undotbs3.267.75           19241541927               4     147421
         8 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data1.db           19241541927               4     147421
         9 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_indx1.db           19241541927               4     147421
        10 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data2.db           19241541927               4     147421
        11 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data3.db           19241541927               4     147421
        12 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data3.db           19241541927               4     147421
        13 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data4.db           19241541927               4     147421
        14 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data5.db           19241541927               4     147421
        15 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data6.db           19241541927               4     147421
        16 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data7.db           19241541927               4     147421
        17 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data8.db           19241541927               4     147421
        18 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data9.db           19241541927               4     147421
        19 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data10.d           19241541927               4     147421
        20 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data11.d           19241541927               4     147421
        21 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data12.d           19241541927               4     147421
        22 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data13.d           19241541927               4     147421
        23 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data14.d           19241541927               4     147421
        24 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data15.d           19241541927               4     147421
        25 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data16.d           19241541927               4     147421
        26 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data17.d           19241541927               4     147421
        27 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data18.d           19241541927               4     147421
        28 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data19.d           19241541927               4     147421
        29 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data20.d           19241541927               4     147421
        30 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/undotbs4.dbf              19241541927               4     147421
        31 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/undotbs5.dbf              19241541927               4     147421
        32 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/undotbs6.dbf              19241541927               4     147421
        33 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data21.d           19241541927               4     147421
        34 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data22.d           19241541927               4     147421
        35 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data23.d           19241541927               4     147421
        36 +ILN_DATA/ilndb/datafile/ilearn_data24.d           19241541927               4     147421

至此9号数据文件恢复完成

更多Oracle相关信息见Oracle 专题页面 http://www.linuxidc.com/topicnews.aspx?tid=12

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